Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology is announced and British-US scientist John O’Keefe and Norwegian couple May-Britt and Edvard Moser have won the Nobel Prize for discovering the brain’s “inner GPS”.
The assembly said, “This year's Nobel Laureates have discovered a positioning system, an 'inner GPS' in the brain, that makes it possible to orient ourselves in space.”
Study says that the “place cells” and “grid cells” they discovered make it possible for our brains to work out where we are and their findings represented a “paradigm shift” in the knowledge of how cells work together to perform cognitive functions. The Nobel Assembly said, adding that could help scientists understand the mechanisms behind diseases like Alzheimer's.
The Nobel Assembly also said that knowledge about the brain's positioning system may “help us understand the mechanism underpinning the devastating spatial memory loss” that affects people with Alzheimer's disease.
It said, this discovery has opened new avenues for understanding cognitive functions such as memory, thinking and planning.